World Nuclear Power Industry

Nuclear power industry plays an important rile in modern power generating industry – power producing sampling ratio at nuclear power plants in the world is  16%.

In such countries as France, Belgium, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, Finland which don’t have sufficient own resources of organic fuel, nuclear power plants became a main source of electric power energy, provided them with energy stability and successful economic development.

 

World leaders in nuclear power energy production are the following countries:

 

Countries

Nuclear electric power production during 2012

billion KW/h

USA

769

France

405

Russia

166

China

98

 

Leader countries in electric power producing at nuclear power plants (NPPs) in overall scope are:

 

Countries

Share in electric power producing at NPPs in 2012, %

France

75

Slovakia

54

Belgium

51

Ukraine

46

 

Commissioning of the first in the world NPP of the plant outputs 5 MW was in 1954 in USSR in Obninsk (Kaluga Region, Russia). Out of the former USSR, commissioning of the first NPP of industrial application of the plant outputs 46 MW was in 1956 in Calder Hall (the Great Britain). In one year after, commissioning of the NPP of the plant outputs 60 MW was in Shippingport (USA).

 

The most powerful NPP in the world is Kasivadzaki-Kariva NPP (Kasivadzaki, Niigata Prefecture, Japan). Its designed power is  — 8,2 GW. There are seven nuclear power reactors are on operation there.   

 

The most powerful NPP in the Europe is Zaporozhie NPP in Energodar (Zaporozhie Region, Ukraine). There are six nuclear power reactors of total designed power 6 GW.

 

According to the information of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) state of nuclear power engineering in the world at 2013 presents the following picture:

Nuclear power engineering in the world

Countries

Operating power generating units

Power generating units under construction

Number of units

Total power

MW (e)

Number of units

Total power

MW (e)

Argentina

2

935

1

692

Armenia

1

375

0

0

Belgium

7

5927

0

0

Bulgaria

2

1906

0

0

Brazil

2

1884

1

1245

Great Britain

16

9231

0

0

Hungary

4

1889

0

0

Germany

9

12068

0

0

India

20

4391

7

4824

Iran

1

915

0

0

Spain

8

7560

0

0

Canada

19

13500

0

0

China

18

13860

28

27844

Korea, Republic of

23

20739

4

4980

Mexico

2

1530

0

0

Netherlands

1

482

0

0

SAR

0

0

1

1345

Pakistan

3

725

2

630

Russia

33

23643

11

9297

Rumania

2

1300

0

0

Slovakia

4

1816

2

880

Slovenia

1

688

0

0

USA

102

100710

3

3399

Taiwan

6

5028

2

2600

Ukraine

15

13107

2

1900

Finland

4

2752

1

1600

France

58

63130

1

1600

Czech Republic

6

3804

0

0

Switzerland

5

3308

0

0

Sweden

10

9408

0

0

SAR

2

1860

0

0

Japan

50

44215

2

2650

Total:

436

372686

68

65486

 

Number of units shut-down on great while

 

Country

Number of units

Total power

MW (e)

Japan

1

246

Total:

1

246